At the heart of incident response, and by extension of Security Automation and Orchestration technologies, resides the Cyber Incident. A typical definition of a cyber security incident is “Any malicious act or suspicious event that compromises or attempts to compromise, or disrupts or tries to disrupt, a critical cyber asset”. Almost everything we do in a SOC or a CSIRT is based on incidents, and there are a variety of potential incident sources, for example:
- Alerts from cyber security detection technologies such as Endpoint Detection & Response or User Entity Behavior Analytics tools
- Alerts from Security Information & Event Management Systems (SIEM)
- Emails from ITSM or case management systems
- Website submissions from internal stakeholders and whistle-blowers
- Phone calls from internal users and external 3rd parties
This diversity of incident sources means that a solid SAO solution must offer a variety of different methods to create incidents. Regulatory frameworks also frequently mandate being able to originate incidents from different sources. DFLabs IncMan offers a rich set of incident creation options.
There are three primary ways to create incidents in IncMan, offering flexibility to accommodate a variety of incident response process requirements and approaches.
Option 1: Automated Incident Creation
We will feature automated incident creation in a more detail in a future post. In the meantime, I will show you the location of this feature.
Select settings menu, then head to the external sources:
You will see that under the external sources option there are 3 options available to use as sources to automate incident creation:
- Incoming events automation, for CEF/Syslog
- Incoming Mail automation, for a monitored email account
- Integrations, for all QIC integration components.
Automating incident creation supports a variety of filters to support a rules-based approach. In addition, it is also possible to create incidents using our SOAP API. Certified 3rd party applications use this mechanism to create incidents within IncMan, for example, Splunk.
Option 2: Manual Incident Creation
Click the incidents menu option, then click the + symbol selecting the incidents screen
Fill out all mandatory fields (these can be defined in the custom fields screen) then step through and complete the incident wizard to create the incident:
Once all relevant fields have been completed, click save and this incident will then appear in the incident view and apart of the queue you assigned in the details screen.
Option 3: Incident creation from source
Select an incident source for the incident you want to create, for example, a Syslog or CEF message, an Email, or a Threat intelligence source (STIX/TAXI, ThreatConnect):
In this screen, you can then convert this source item to an incident, or link the source to an existing incident.
Today, we will talk about our dashboards in IncMan. We will see how to add, delete and generally organize the dashboard widgets. IncMan widgets can display charts, graphs and tables to display and track Key Performance Indicators. IncMan supports role-based dashboards. This is a key requirement for any SOC, facilitating that the right information is available to the right person based on their role, duties, and needs. Which information is required for any individual or team will differ from organization to organization, so we support customization to create unique and dedicated dashboards for every persona.
How to use IncMan Dashboards and Widgets
This default screen displays a number of out of the box charts to get you started. But you will want to customize the dashboard with the widgets you need for your role.
1. To begin creating your unique dashboard, select “Customize” to open the menu.
2. The dashboard screen is split into 4 distinct parts: top, left, right and bottom. By selecting the “+” symbol, you can add an additional widget from a number of pre-defined templates. For this example, let’s add the “Incident Overview” widget:
3. You can change the name of the widget in the configuration screen, for example, “GDPR” or “Urgent Incidents”. You can also specify the applicable timeframe for the widget, and the refresh rate, to determine how often the widget will be updated.
4. Next, we will configure the widget filters to determine the data that the widget displays.
We can apply search filters to narrow down the displayed incidents. You can filter by a variety of attributes, including tags, incident priority, the Incident Response process stage, and any custom fields you have defined. Every filter that is selected will also need a corresponding value assigned to it in the values tab.
5. Once you’ve selected the values you want to add into the table, the final step allows you to define which columns will be displayed in the widget.
In this blog series, I will be discussing DFLabs IncMan management features to highlight the really powerful capabilities that have become available to IncMan users as part of our latest 184.108.40.206 SP release:
Today we focus on the creation of user groups. This useful feature allows the creation of groups of related users, for example, Tier 1 analysts or IT Operations teams. The benefit of this is that a defined group can be assigned specific tasks. This could be for a variety of different reasons:
- To assign a task or incident that require a specific skill set
- To assign task or incident to a specific stakeholder group for review or further investigation.
- To notify specific stakeholders about an incident or investigation
- To escalate an incident to the next tier
The Group functionality can be leveraged in many features across IncMan. We will now step through the process of adding a User Group.
- Let’s create a group. You will need administrator privileges and the required group creation permission to do this. Once you have verified this is the case, please head to User Management -> Groups
- In this section, you can view or modify existing groups and create additional groups of your own. Click the ‘+’ symbol above the user list to create a new group.
- Enter the name that you want to use to identify the Group. It is generally a good practice to assign the associated user profiles and general profiles to the group. For this example, we only need the group name, so please complete that.
- You will now be able to see the newly created group. You will also be presented with a number of additional options. For instance, adding users or editing the existing group information.
- Next, lets add users to the group that we have just created. You can select the users you wish to add to the group from the user list. If you have a lot of users, you can use the filter to quickly search for users. Then save and continue.
- Now that we have created our group and added our users we can begin assigning tasks to this group. Let’s head to an incident and into a playbook to start using this.
- Within the incident playbook, we can assign tasks to individual users. As you scroll down now, you will also notice that a new option is available, with the group name that we created.
- Having created our user group, we can assign Ownership and Authorization to our group instead of to a single user.