A Weekend in Incident Response #17: Enhancing Your Cyber Security Efforts Through a Layered Approach

People working in cyber security nowadays face numerous challenges on a regular basis. Starting from having to deal with advanced threats, through managing third-party risk, ending with ensuring regulatory compliance, which is becoming an increasingly difficult challenge, in light of the growing regulations and mandates introduced by governments across the globe. With so many aspects to consider, cyber security professionals sometimes have trouble focusing on cyber incident response and recovery. That is why organizations should consider enhancing their cyber security efforts through a layered approach, because it would allow them to detect incidents, manage risks, and quickly respond to different types of cyber security events.

Involvement of C-Level Managers, System Administrators, and Cybersecurity Teams

In order to be effective, the layered cyber security approach needs to include an organization’s c-level management, system administrators, and cyber security teams. For starters, the users of your computer networks and systems should alert your company’s system administrators of any technical problems and suspicious behaviors within your system as soon as they detect them. To that end, all members of your organizations who use your information systems should go through some sort of cyber security awareness training, so that they can recognize when something is wrong and notify your cyber security incident response team in a timely manner.

The next layer of defense is centered around the duties and activities of an organization’s cyber security incident response team. They need to be able to recover from any cyber security event and conduct threat intelligence to prevent future incidents.

On top of that, cyber security teams need to take actions to ensure regulatory compliance, and that puts them under additional strain and might take their focus away from incident response and recovery.

Combining Human Resources and Automation for a Deeper Defense

Keeping in mind that cyber security teams have a lot on their plates, as they are tasked with so many duties, they could use an automated cyber incident response platform to make their lives easier. More specifically, they need a platform that combines human resources and automation, to be able to implement the layered security approach successfully. These types of platforms allow organizations to utilize both the expertise of cyber security professionals and the accuracy and efficiency of an incident response software.

By using a platform with automation and orchestration capabilities, cyber security teams will have the intelligence that will help them resolve an incident and take the necessary measures to prevent future incidents. Such platforms help reduce CSIRTs reaction time, by conducting the forensic investigation and tracking digital evidence during an incident, providing essential information, along with pre-defined workflows, to help organizations figure out how to resolve an incident as quickly and as effectively as possible to protect their most valuable assets.

A Weekend in Incident Response #7: The Importance of Accurate Cyber Incident Reporting and Preservation of Digital Evidence

Although cyber security solutions are advancing at an extraordinarily fast pace, the harsh reality is that cyber attacks will continue to occur and hackers will continue to breach the networks and computer systems of businesses and government agencies around the globe. Efficient and accurate cyber incident reporting is considered key to mitigating the potential damage these attacks can inflict.

All cyber security experts agree that cyber attacks are inevitable and can’t always be prevented. No matter how sophisticated an organization’s cyber defense is, there will always be a way to breach it. With that in mind, the best way to defeat attackers is to devise the best possible cyber incident response plan. The way you respond to an incident is one of the crucial aspects to the efforts for ultimately defeating hackers and preventing recurring attacks. Reporting and forensic investigations are the two of the most important elements of a successful cyber incident response plan.

Keeping Incidents Under Control

A quick and effective response to a cyber incident should include having firm control over all data breaches and incidents, which is best executed through the utilization of an incident response orchestration platform that provides automated and manual response, to immediately detect and respond to breaches.

There are platforms on the market that provide complete control over cyber security incidents, along with gathering evidence efficiently, specific, and detailed playbooks that help you react to an incident fast and effectively, and integration with forensic and response systems.

These types of features are essential for organizations that want to make sure that they preserve the scene of a cyber security incident, which in turn results in a more effective investigation, fast recovery, as well as compliance with existing regulations. It’s an accurate way to prevent a destruction or loss of evidence, which often occurs unintentionally and prevents a speedy recovery following a breach.

Efficient Reporting

An efficient incident response includes accurate cyber incident reporting, as well. Reporting to authorities is an important part of the process of resolving cyber-crime cases, and it should be conducted in accordance with existing regulations, such as the EU Network Information Security (NIS) directive, and the new cyber incident reporting rule introduced by the U.S. Department of Defense, that is supposed to go into effect in 2017.

If your organization is a victim of a cyber-attack, notifying authorities about the incident should be one of your top priorities. The creation of reports is useful for a faster recovery. With a tool that can create automated incident reports and send them to the security team within an organization, the organization reduces the time it takes to react and resolve a cyber incident, and contain the damage.

A Weekend in Incident Response #6: Improving Digital Skills of Police Forces Should Be a Top Priority for Governments

With cyber-crime on the rise globally, it’s clear that law enforcement agencies around the world need to raise their level of cyber-security preparedness so that they can respond to this growing threat accordingly. But, it seems that improving their own digital skills has turned out to be a tough challenge for some police forces.

A recent report by England-based Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC) shows that the police officers in England and Wales are having trouble coping with the increased amount and complexity of cases involving cyber-crime.

Digital Forensic Capabilities Must Be Improved

The report finds that several police forces in England and Wales show a severe lack of digital skills that are needed to solve modern crimes. Specifically, investigators have proven to be insufficiently prepared to gather and process digital evidence, which is one of the crucial aspects of cyber crimes.

Another challenge that is underscored in the report is the fact that police forces are having difficulties understanding how different IT systems work, and how they can retrieve and share data between different systems.

Automated Case Management is One of the Solutions

Considering the significant gap in digital skills among police officers that the report notes, it’s clear that law enforcement agencies could use a tool that can help them overcome these challenges.

There are solutions that can be employed to make investigations into cyber incidents more efficient and help alleviate the problem of not being able to retrieve and process digital evidence properly. There are platforms that can track digital evidence and entire investigative processes automatically, helping to accelerate the investigation into a cyber incident.

A platform that is capable of gathering and managing information during cyber forensics processes, can make police forces much more efficient and prepare them for the challenges that are an inseparable part of modern crimes.

In order to be able to solve cyber crimes, police forces need to employ platforms that provide integrated support for cyber forensic tools, in addition to an integrated knowledge base access, as solutions that can help offset investigators’ lack of digital skills.